TABOO - TRANSGRESSION - TRANSCENDENCE
in Art & Science
26-28 November 2020, University of Applied Arts Vienna/Online
Olympia is generally known as a nude woman – prostitute, laying on a bed, confronting the viewers by boldly staring at them. This strong, symbolic figure for many years functioned historical context referring to humanistic and anthropocentric culture. The famous artistic representations of Olympia are: Édouard Manet Olympia (1865), Paul Cezanne Modern Olympia (1873). Some of the older ones, in which Olympia has different names, like: Giorgione, Sleeping Venus (circa 1510), Titian, Venus of Urbino (1538), Francisco de Goya, La maja desnuda (circa 1797-1800), Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Grande Odalisque (1814).
However, our culture has dramatically changed since the end of the 19th century as well as the way of perceiving Olympia. In the last centuries artistic representations of Olympia’s figure very interestingly shifted from human to a post-human creature.
In my presentation I will indicate several stages of the Olympia’s evolution by conducting an interpretation of this figure presented in the selected works of art. First, I will focus on the historical works of art mentioned in the paragraph above. Afterwards, I am going to examine contemporary art pieces, such as: photographic cycle Olympia created by polish artist Katarzyna Kozyra, Beth Cavener’ sculpture named Olympia (2006), Yasumasa Morimura, Portrait (Futago) (1988) and Une modern Olympia (2018). I will also recall objects like Dollomi Victoria Sex Doll Olympia (165 cm Realistic Elf Lovedoll) and a sport event Ms. Olympia, professional female bodybuilding competition.