TABOO - TRANSGRESSION - TRANSCENDENCE
in Art & Science
26-28 November 2020, University of Applied Arts Vienna/Online
In recent years, we have observed a series of transformations in the way we map, measure and conceive of life, generating reflections about its boundaries and its complexity. These transformations have led to radical re-adjustments of the perceived gaps between biology and informatics, the separation between self and non-self, and the neat distinction between species. The idea that information and biology, the virtual and the actual, lie in well-separate or unbridgeable containers is gradually dissipating, as these realms have been observed to be in a condition of mutual becoming (see for a scientific account Margulis 1999; Margulis & Sagan 2003; for a theoretical reflection Stengers 2010; Stengers 2011), and of a “co-production or co- evolution of people and things” (Fishel 2017, 7).
Despite efforts to embrace new perspectives that consider symbiosis and fluidity as more desirable and theoretically sound concepts, older notions of boundaries persist. As older barriers are dissolved, new ones are raised. The notion of boundaries assumes that there is a demarcation distinguishing, defining and separating objects, creating the perception of purity and wholesomeness. The same idea of purity is invoked when “our bodily boundaries are penetrated and traversed by viruses, chemicals and microbes (Shotwell 2017; see also Latimer and Miele 2013).” At the macro level, boundaries have taken the form of borders. Borders define and divide territories, create and invent sovereign states, designate geographical and protected spaces (Aloi, 2019; van Dooren 2011). As it is currently defined, state politics is still based on the inside/outside dichotomy, which fits the “pure culture” paradigm in biology: this happens when it discriminates between the bodies who belong and those who don’t, when it excludes the physically and culturally different, when it establishes flying bans against certain countries or builds walls and other physical barriers.
How do we find ways to think past boundaries and borders? Anna Tsing (2015 and 2017) argues that we need new narratives to reveal the coexistence of plants, animals and microorganisms amongst other things, to provide evidence of the needs to rethink older notions of boundaries, and to show how the distinctions, and the barriers that science, technology, society and the state have created are in fact blurred and porous. In this paper, I reflect on Tsing’s invitation to find new narratives, looking for new cues in current and – possibly future/science-fictional – curatorial and artistic practices. Especially at this time of rapid political and natural transformation, finding new narratives becomes not only a way to redefine the future, but also a way of survival.